Regression-based music emotion prediction using triplet neural networks

TitleRegression-based music emotion prediction using triplet neural networks
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsCheuk K.W., Luo Y.J., BT B, Roig G., Herremans D.
Conference NameProceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN)
Date Published07/2020
Conference LocationGlasgow
Other NumbersarXiv:2001.09988

In this paper, we adapt triplet neural networks (TNNs) to a regression task, music emotion prediction. Since TNNs were initially introduced for classification, and not for regression, we propose a mechanism that allows them to provide meaningful low dimensional representations for regression tasks. We then use these new representations as the input for regression algorithms such as support vector machines and gradient boosting machines. To demonstrate the TNNs' effectiveness at creating meaningful representations, we compare them to different dimensionality reduction methods on music emotion prediction, i.e., predicting valence and arousal values from musical audio signals. Our results on the DEAM dataset show that by using TNNs we achieve 90% feature dimensionality reduction with a 9% improvement in valence prediction and 4% improvement in arousal prediction with respect to our baseline models (without TNN). Our TNN method outperforms other dimensionality reduction methods such as principal component analysis (PCA) and autoencoders (AE). This shows that, in addition to providing a compact latent space representation of audio features, the proposed approach has a relatively high performance over the baseline models.