ReconVAT: A Semi-Supervised Automatic Music Transcription Framework for Low-Resource Real-World Data

TitleReconVAT: A Semi-Supervised Automatic Music Transcription Framework for Low-Resource Real-World Data
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsCheuk K.W., Su L., Herremans D.
Conference NameACM Multimedia
PublisherACM
Abstract

Most of the current supervised automatic music transcription (AMT) models lack the ability to generalize. This means that they have trouble transcribing real-world music recordings from diverse musical genres which are not presented in the labelled training data. In this paper, we propose a semi-supervised framework, ReconVAT, which solves this issue by leveraging the huge amount of available unlabelled music recordings. The proposed ReconVAT uses reconstruction loss and virtual adversarial training. When combined with existing U-net models for AMT, ReconVAT shows competitive performance on the common benchmark datasets such as MAPS and MusicNet. For example, in the few-shot setting for the string part version of MusicNet, ReconVAT achieves F1-scores of 61.0% and 41.6% for the note-wise and note-with-offset-wise metrics respectively, which translate to improvements of 22.2% and 62.5% over the supervised baseline model. Our proposed framework also demonstrates the potential of continuous learning on new data, which could be used in real-world applications such as online training and transcribing instrumental covers of pop music.